An Electrophysiological Investigation of How the Brain Reads 
Description:   When reading about a topic that is new, it can be difficult to deduce the main point of the text. In conducting this study, we are interested in looking at how readers are able to comprehend non-fiction information they are unfamiliar with. By investigating the cognitive processes that are involved in the construction of connections between ideas in a text and acquired background information, and by using quantitative electroencephalography to measure brain activity, we can gain a better understanding of how information is processed during reading.
Primary Investigators: Shelby Smith, B.S., master of arts candidate at Ball State University, Stephanie Simon-Dack, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Ball State University, Kristin Ritchey, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Ball State University

Contact: If you are interested in participating in this study, click here to sign up for the study titled 'An Electrophysiological Investigation of How the Brain Reads' on SONA

The Effect of Exercise on Measures of Executive Function in Children with ADHD
Description:   The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of exercise on executive functions in children with ADHD. It is well-known that children with ADHD display impairments in executive functions (processes that contribute to cognitive control of behavior). Often, these individuals are treated with stimulant medication in an attempt to improve executive function. However, medication is not without side effects and may be ineffective for certain individuals. In addition to its overall health benefits, exercise may be an effective alternative to medication by providing the same improvements without the associated side effects. However, research directly comparing exercise and medication is lacking. This study seeks to fill that gap by investigating the efficacy of acute exercise relative to medication on executive function in children with ADHD.
Primary Investigators: Anthony D. Mahon, PhD, Professor of Exercise Science; Stephanie Simon-Dack, PhD; Anjolii Diaz, PhD

Contact: If you would like more information about this study or are interested in having your child participate, please contact Brandon Dykstra at or 765-285-1158.

Neural Processes Underlying Reading Comprehension
Description:   This project will examine how readers construct generalization inferences while they read. A generalization is a superordinate theme, or main idea, that represents several subordinate ideas in a text.  Prior research shows that readers construct these inferences while they read, as opposed to waiting until they are done reading. Examining the ERPs that are elicited during reading will help us more accurately identify when the inferences are constructed, as well as the roles that attention, memory, and semantic processing play in these inferences. 
Primary Investigators: Kristin Ritchey, Ph.D., Associate Professor at Ball State University

Contact: If you are interested in participating in this project in spring 2018, you can contact Dr. Ritchey at

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